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Middle East and North Africa

Centralized Unreliability – Iraqi ‘Fact-Finding Committee’ & Governorate Courts Continue to Fall Short on Accountability

Since 2019, Iraq has been plagued by constant demonstrations and protests against corrupt governance. In responding to these protests, many claim that the Iraqi government have disregarded not only human rights, but also civil and political rights such as freedom of expression & association.

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Failure to distinguish: How the recent Sa’ada prison attack adds to violations of humanitarian law in Yemen

The attacks in Sa’ada are a sad reiteration of the disregard for civilian life in the ongoing conflict. The attack was one of many committed over the last 8 years that demonstrates how fast to act both sides to the conflict are in their ignorance towards their humanitarian obligations.

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The use of civilian buildings for military purposes and the practice of “Roof Knocking”

As with previous conflicts in Gaza, this latest exchange of hostilities saw Palestinian militant groups use civilian buildings for military purposes, with subsequent Israeli attacks targeting these same civilian structures to eliminate a military threat. However, Israel employs a strategy known as “Roof Knocking”, designed to limit the number of civilian casualties caused by their airstrikes.

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Understanding the Western Sahara after US recognition of Moroccan Sovereignty

In the last months of 2020, Israel normalized its ties with four Arab countries. In the case of Morocco, the US issued a proclamation, recognizing Morocco’s sovereignty over Western Sahara, making it the first country in the world to do so. What consequences such recognition will have on what is essentially a conflict in limbo is unclear.

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‘Turkey’s reckless foreign adventures are making the world less safe’ – HSC Senior Fellow

Human Security Centre (HSC) Senior Fellow Simon Schofield has had a comment piece examining the latest developments in Turkish foreign policy published in CapX. In the article, he outlines how Ankara's interventions in Iraq, Syria and Libya, fostering of jihadists and colluding with powers such as Iran have left relations between Turkey and the West at a critical juncture.

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